December 1, 2021

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Magnetic storm: NASA has recorded sunlight that can affect human activities

Magnetic storms are the result of the arrival of sunlight on Earth (nasa.gov)

A strong Combustion Of Soul Posted on Thursday, October 28th, has triggered alerts because this is one reason Magnetic storm This leaves a large part of the population in Latin America without electricity and communication.

According to a report NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), the sun erupted into a significant volcano that lasted about half an hour and peaked at 14:35 GMT on October 28th. New weather cycle.

The Sun light Classified as X1, In the active 12887 region of the Sun, caused a strong radio blockade (R3) on the luminous side of the Earth, especially in the vulnerable area of ​​South America. Geomagnetic storms Between Saturday 30th and Sunday 31st October.

He explained that Class X refers to intense burns, while the number provides information about its strength. The strongest are classified as X10, which are unusual.

Image of the October 28 spark captured by NASA (Photo: NASA)
Image of the October 28 spark captured by NASA (Photo: NASA)

“The Solar flares They are powerful Radiation bursts. Harmful radiation from a combustion Cannot cross the Earth’s atmosphere It can physically affect humans on the ground, however, when it is intense enough, it can disrupt the atmosphere in which the communication and GPS signals travel, ”the space agency said.

In this way, the eruption recorded on Thursday associated with the corona mass discharge that could create possible geomagnetic storms over the weekend in some parts of Latin America is projected towards Earth.

Although this causes problems in electricity service, communication and GPS, the eruptions do not cross the Earth’s atmosphere or affect people physically. This may cause more north-south lighting than usual.

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On Earth, geomagnetic storms recorded in previous decades have caused the following events:

This event can cause failures in communication systems and GPS (Photo: REUTERS / Jon Nazca)
This event can cause failures in communication systems and GPS (Photo: REUTERS / Jon Nazca)

* Fluctuating lights or dimming due to current variations. This happened on March 13, 1989. Later, a solar storm damaged a public service transformer in Canada, leaving some cities in Quebec and the United States without electricity.

* Failures in air and sea navigation equipment.

* Interruption of radio, television, telephone and telegraph signals.

* Interruption of defensive contacts.

* Changes in the ozone layer.

Active area 2882, shown here in the center of the solar disk, erupted on October 9, 2021 with moderate sunlight (Photo: Europa Press)
Active area 2882, shown here in the center of the solar disk, erupted on October 9, 2021 with moderate sunlight (Photo: Europa Press)

Experts from the U.S. National Oceanic Administration (NOAA) say the solar storm is “strange” because our sun is currently passing the minimum period of the sun (The cycle lasts about 11 years and marks the maximum and minimum activity moments of our star)

The 150 million kilometers, separated from the Earth They can rarely observe many changes in the largest source of electromagnetic radiation in this planetary system. Like the Earth, the Sun goes through phases and changes that can be expected over the years. Currently, it goes into a low active phase called the Solar Minimum.

The Solar cycle It is like a pendulum swinging back and forth between high and low sunspots every 11 years or so. This cycle was discovered by astronomers in the 19th century. Although there are regular cycles every 11 years, they are not always the same. Some are very intense with many sunspots and solar flares. Others are weak, like the most recent solar cycle 24, which peaked in 2012-2014 with relatively little action.

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