On this day 72 years ago, India took its first steps toward becoming one of the largest democracies in the world. It had to overcome a lot of problems to become known around the world. Since its Independence, India has come a long way, leaving behind a series of landmarks that show how it went from the pain of Partition to a strong, powerful, and growing country.
India has been free for 72 years, and in that time it has done a lot of good things. It has built a modern economy that is growing at the second-fastest rate, stayed a democracy, helped millions of people get out of poverty, become a space and nuclear power, and made a strong foreign policy.
- Read More: Live: Minute by minute starting at the Apple event
- Read More: 37 countries say Russia and Belarus “should not be allowed to host” any international sporting events
1) Partition (1947): One of the most important events in India’s history, was when British India was split into India and Pakistan based on religion. In the riots that followed, more than 2 lakh people died and 14 million were forced to leave their homes.
2) The First Kashmir War: From 1947 to 1948, India and Pakistan fought over the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in the First Kashmir War. It came to an end when Maharaja Hari Singh signed an agreement to join India.
3) The Right to Vote: India gave every adult the right to vote on the first day after independence. Everyone in the US got the right to vote about 150 years after they got their independence.
4) Railway Network Nationalisation: The railway network was taken over by the government in 1951, and at first it was split into three zones. Indian Railways has 119,630 km of tracks and 7,216 stations, making it one of the largest rail networks in the world.
5) First General Elections: India made a big step toward democracy when it held its first general elections in 1951. Congress won 364 of the 489 seats, which was a huge victory. Jawaharlal Nehru became India’s first prime minister.
6) First Asian Games: The first Asian Games were held in India’s capital city of New Delhi in 1951.
7) Asia’s First Nuclear Reactor: Apsara nuclear reactor, which was built by India on August 4, 1956.
8) The First Movie Nominated for Oscar: Mother India, which was directed by Mehboob Khan. In 1958, it was nominated for the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film.
9) Green Revolution: During the Green Revolution in India in 1960, high-yielding varieties of wheat and pulses were created, which led to a rise in numerous food grains that were grown.
10) The 1962 Sino-Indian war: China refused to accept the McMohan Line and Line of Actual Control, which marked the border between India and China. The war ended when China said there would be no more fighting for a month.
11) Bank Nationalisation: On July 19, 1969, the government took over 14 banks. In April 1980, the second round of taking over banks by the government started.
12) White Revolution: Verghese Kurien started the White Revolution (Operation Flood) in India in 1970. It was the largest dairy development program in the world. It turned India from a country that didn’t have enough milk into the biggest milk producer in the world.
13) The Liberation of Bangladesh in 1971: The people of East Pakistan fought for independence from Pakistan and won it on March 26, 1971. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was in charge of the fight.
14) The Simla Agreement: India and Pakistan signed the pact in 1972 “to settle their differences peacefully through bilateral talks.”
15) The Chipko Movement: The Chipko Andolan was an Indian movement to save forests. It started in 1973 in the village of Reni in the district of Chamoli in Uttarakhand.
16) Pokhran 1: In 1974, India did its first nuclear test, which had the code name “Smiling Buddha.” With this, India became the fifth country to have nuclear power.
17) The JP Movement of 1974: It was a protest against bad government and corruption that began with students in Bihar. Jayaprakash Narayan, a socialist, was in charge of it.
18) The First Indian Satellite was made in 1975: It was named after the Indian astronomer Aryabhata.
19) Emergency: Indira Gandhi, who was the prime minister at the time, declared a state of emergency in 1975 because of “internal tensions.” This state of emergency lasted until 1977. It caused elections to be put on hold and limited people’s rights.
20) Mass Sterilisation in 1976: The campaign was started by Sanjay Gandhi, and about 6.2 million men were sterilized in one year. About 2000 men died because of surgeries that didn’t go as planned.
21) Morarji Desai becomes the First Prime Minister Non-Congress: In 1977, the Janata Party, a group of parties that opposed the Emergency, beat the Congress, and Morarji Desai became the first PM of independent India who wasn’t from the Congress.
22) The Mandal Commission Formed: BP Mandal started the Mandal Commission in 1979 to find the socially and educationally backward classes in India.
23) India wins First Cricket World Cup: In 1983, India beat West Indies by 43 runs to win its first Cricket World Cup, which was led by Kapil Dev.
- Read More: Rumor Roundup: Saturday’s WrestleMania Main Event, Cody Rhodes, SmackDown, and more!
- Read More: Play Status: New games, additional previews, and everything left over from the PlayStation event
Frequently Asked Questions
When Does Independence Day in the US Take Place?
On July 4, the United States celebrates Independence Day. It’s a way to remember that on July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress passed the Declaration of Independence. The Fourth of July is another name for the U.S. holiday.
What is Independence Day in India?
Independence Day is a national holiday in India that is always celebrated on August 15. Independence Day is a celebration of how India became free and independent from British rule in 1947.
Why Do We Celebrate Independence Day on August 15?
About the Fourth of July. India’s Independence Day is on August 15 and is a big holiday there. India got its freedom from British rule on August 15, 1947, and became a sovereign country. India’s independence from the British is celebrated all over the country on this day.
I have been working professionally as a writer and editor for the previous three years, and my areas of expertise include history, the humanities, entertainment, and essential nonfiction. Writing and editing articles as a freelancer is something I’ve been doing for the past two years.